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What is Liver Transplant?

What is Liver Transplant?

Liver transplant is the replacement of the unhealthy liver of a deceased person with that of the healthy liver from the donor or another person. Liver transplantation is done out of acute liver failure or out of major liver disease that requires liver replacement. The process is very complex and requires surgery from the very experienced and skilled surgeon. The surgery is done with the meticulous harvest of the liver from the donor in the body of the deceased recipient.

When is liver transplant ideally necessary?

Liver transplantation is necessary when the liver stops functioning adequately resulting in liver failure. It can happen out of a certain infection, medical complications or from long term problems. Liver disease occurs out of many causes and severe of these results in urgent need to go for liver transplantation process. Doctors have recognized some of the major diseases in their cases that simply states to under the liver transplant. Some of the acute liver transplant cases are:

  • Hepatitis C
  • Cirrhosis
  • Biliary
  • Biliary Atresia
  • Ascites
  • Hepatic Encephalopathia
  • Bacterial Peritontis

These liver problems may cause various severe health problems and create threat to human life and maybe lead to the step of liver transplant recommended by the doctor. When there is certain damage on liver’s scar tissue and various other health issues that the person reports, doctor carefully checks and examines on person’s health going forward to decide on to go through liver transplant surgery. This examination includes the review of person’s medical history and various other tests as suggested by doctor.

Causes of Liver Diseases 

There are various health issues that the person reports for the symptoms of liver disease or liver failure on which doctor examines before the surgery. These issues can be-

  • Infection in the abdomen causing bacterial peritontis.
  • Drowsiness and mental confusion
  • Bleeding when there is congestion in the blood flow through the liver causing pressure on the major blood vessel
  • Destroy blood vessels
  • Itching and vomiting of blood
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Jaundice
  • Fluid in the belly causing ascitis

Hence these issues could be very serious and may become difficult to be treated by medicines which eventually require the liver transplant surgery to be taken on the diseased person.